In FS1, Phase One of letters and sounds is taught and children build their knowledge of rhythm, rhyme and pattern through a range of sensory games, tasks and activities. They have a daily story session where important book skills are experienced and the language required to talk about stories and books is a focus. During these sessions, there is a clear focus on the enjoyment of books, stories and reading.
Children in FS2 begin to learn the first 42 phonic sounds when they start school. This is taught at a rapid pace. The teaching of this is multi-sensory and active within a highly focused and daily teaching session.
On entry, key (high frequency) words are introduced and are sent home to learn. When children are confidently reading their key words, a new set of key words is sent home. Children in FS2 read individually with an adult at least once a week; they will also experience regular stories as a class, daily opportunities to practice reading skills and opportunities to share their responses to stories. Towards the end of the year, there are chances for children to share and discuss a story in small groups.
We have recently introduced some high-quality traditional tales that we feel all children should experience during their childhood years. A pack is sent home for parents to share with their children, which includes stick puppets, allowing parent and child to act out the story whilst reading the book.